National Pollution Control day is observed on 2 December 2021

What is National Pollution Control Day?

Every year on 2 December, National Pollution Control day is observed in India to commemorate the thousands of people who lost their lives in the Bhopal Gas Tragedy in 1984 and raise awareness about the problems of the increasing pollution.
Industrial Pollution


The Bhopal Gas Tragedy or Bhopal Disaster took place on the night of 2-3 December in 1984 when a gas leak in the Union Carbide India Limited pesticide plant resulted in over 5 lakh people getting exposed to Methyl Isocyanate (MIC) gas. A total of 3788 people were killed in the gas release and about 5 lakh people injured victims sustained injuries, as per the records of the Madhya Pradesh Government

Key highlights of National Pollution Control Day

National Pollution Control Day aims to spread awareness on controlling industrial disasters.

This day also aims to educate people about the importance of pollution control acts.

The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) was constituted in India in 1974 for the protection of the environment.

What is the Significance of 2 December?

The objectives of the day are to spread awareness on controlling industrial disasters, minimising pollution produced by industrial processes, and make people and industries aware of the importance of pollution control acts.

The Bhopal Gas Tragedy took place in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, on 2nd and 3rd December 1984. This tragedy of chemical leak was the world's worst disaster of all time.

Approximately 45 tons of methyl isocyanate escaped from a pesticide plant from Union Carbide India Limited, a subsidiary of Union Carbide Corporation. The highly dangerous gas spread over the crowded neighbourhood and instantly killed thousands of people.
Pollution

A death toll of 15000 to 20000 people was estimated with more than five lakh people injured and suffering various diseases. The exposure to methyl isocyanate caused eye irritation, blindness and several respiratory problems.

About more than 400 tons of industrial waste still lay present on the site, even in 2021. This waste still deteriorating soil and water quality has been blamed for generations worth of birth defects.

With the high death toll and the years worth of sorrow it caused, the Bhopal Gas Tragedy was commemorated by raising awareness through National Pollution Control Day on the it took away the lives of thousands.

Objectives of National Pollution Control Day, 2 December

The National Pollution Control Day has four important objectives.
  • Raising awareness about the increasing air pollution.
  • Spreading education on how to manage and control industrial disasters.
  • Make people aware of the significance of pollution acts.
  • Ways to prevent industrial pollution caused by human negligence.

Laws that have been made to control pollution

India has taken action in the direction of controlling pollution and made various significant laws that help control pollution.
  • Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016.
  • E-Waste (Management) Rules, 2016.
  • Construction and Demolition Waste Management Rule, 2016.
  • Bio-Medical Waste Management Rules, 2016.
  • Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016.
  • Hazardous and Other Wastes (Management and Transboundary Movement) Rules, 20216.
  • The National Green Tribunal Act, 2010.
  • Environment Impact Assessment, 2006.
  • Batteries Management and Handling Rules, 2001.
  • Municipal Solid Waste Management and Handling Rules, 2000
  • Noise Pollution Regulation and Control Rules, 2000.
  • Ozone Depleting Substances Regulation Rules, 2000.
  • Recycled Plastics Manufacturing and Usage Rules, 1999.
  • Biomedical Waste Management and Handling Rules, 1998.
  • Chemical Accidents Emergency, Preparedness, Planning and Response rules, 1996.
  • National Environment Tribunal Act, 1995.
  • Hazardous Waste Management and Handling Rules, 1989.
  • Environment Protection Act, 1986.
  • Environment Protection Rules, 1986.
  • Air Prevention and Control of Pollution Act, 1981.
  • Water Prevention and Control of Pollution Act, 1977.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q. When is National Pollution Control Day is observed?
Ans. On 2 December every year.

Q. Why National Pollution Control Day is celebrated?
Ans. Every year on 2 December, National Pollution Control day is observed in India to commemorate the thousands of people who lost their lives in the Bhopal Gas Tragedy in 1984 and raise awareness about the problems of the increasing pollution.

Q. Bhopal Gas Tragedy occurred on which date?
Ans. Bhopal Gas Tragedy took place on 2nd and 3rd December 1984.

Q. Name the plant where the Bhopal gas tragedy happened.
Ans. Bhopal Gas Tragedy took place in Union Carbide India Limited pesticide plant.

Q. Name the chemical that leaked from the Union Carbide plant?
Ans. Methyl Isocyanate (MIC) gas was leaked from the plant.

Q. How many people got death due to leakage of Methyl Isocyanate?
Ans. About 5 lakh people got death due to gas leakage in the Union Carbide plant.

Q. What are the objectives of National Pollution Control Day?
Ans. 1. Raising awareness about the increasing air pollution. 2. Spreading education on how to manage and control industrial disasters. 3. Make people aware of the significance of pollution acts. 4. Ways to prevent industrial pollution caused by human negligence.

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