List of National Parks of India | State wise National Parks

 National Parks of India is an important part of Indian geography and environment. There are 105 National Parks in India. This topic is very important for competitive examinations such as Banks exams, SSC, UPSC, State PSC, State PCS, Police exams, state competitive exams and general studies.
National Parks in India

This article will provide full insights into National parks in India, along with Wildlife Sanctuaries, Conservation Reserves, and Community reserves.

What are the protected areas of India?

Protected areas or conservation areas are the locations that get protection because of their recognized natural, ecological or cultural values. They are defined according to the guidelines prescribed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

There are mainly four types of protected areas:
  1. National Parks
  2. Wildlife Sanctuaries
  3. Conservation Reserves
  4. Community Reserves

What is a National Park?

A National Park is the protected area observed and declared by the government of India to preserve wildlife species and give balance to the natural ecosystem of that region. The main purpose of the National Parks is to protect the natural environment and conserve biodiversity.

What are the objectives of National Parks?

The objective of National parks are as follows:
  1. The entire ecosystem coming under the National Park is protected by the Centre of State Government or both.
  2. National parks contribute to the protection of wildlife species, regional ecological processes and migration routes.
  3. These maintain and balance the population of wildlife species in the given ecological area.
  4. They aid in the cultural, ecological and educational development of the natural resources in the protected area.

Some facts of National Parks in India

Smallest national park in India: South Button Island National Park, Andaman and Nicobar Island.

Largest national park in India: Hemis National Park, Ladakh.

Floating National Park of India: Keibul Lamjao National Park, Manipur

First Marine National Park of India: Gulf of Kutchh National Park.

A total number of National Parks in India: 105 National Parks.

What is the Importance of National Park?

  1. National parks contribute to the economy by supporting agricultural activities. For instance, in various protected marine areas, fish are allowed to breed and grow. They also spill over into the fished areas. This leads to replenishment of the fished areas and allows more fish to be caught and sold.
  2. Local communities and tribes associated with the area of the Park flourish economically and socially.

State-wise National Parks in India

Ladakh
Hemis National Park, 1981

Arunachal Pradesh
Mouling National Park, 1986
Namdapha National Park, 1983

Andhra Pradesh
Rajiv Gandhi (Rameswaram) National Park, 2005
Sri Venkateswara National Park, 1989

Assam
Manas National Park, 1990
Nameri National Park, 1998
Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park, 1999

Andaman & Nicobar Islands
Campbell Bay National Park, 1992
Galathea Bay National Park, 1992
Mahatama Gandhi Marine (Wandoor) National Park, 1982
Middle Button Island National Park, 1987
Mount Harriett National Park, 1987
North Button Island National Park, 1987
Rani Jhansi Marine National Park, 1996
Saddle Peak National Park, 1987
South Button Island National Park, 1987

Chhattisgarh
Indravati (Kutru) National Park, 1982
Kanger Valley National Park, 1982

Bihar
Valmiki National Park, 1989

Gujrat
Vansda National Park, 1979
Blackbuck (Velavadar) National Park, 1976
Gir National Park, 1975
Marine (Gulf of Kachchh) National Park, 1982

Goa
Mollem National Park, 1992

Himachal Pradesh
Great Himalayan National Park, 1984
Inderkilla National Park, 2010
Khirganga National Park, 2010
Pin Valley National Park, 1987
Simbalbara National Park, 2010

Haryana
Kalesar National Park, 2003
SultaNational Parkur National Park, 1989

Jharkhand
Betla National Park, 1986

Jammu and Kashmir
 City Forest (Salim Ali) National Park, 1992
Dachigam National Park, 1981
Kishtwar National Park, 1981

Kerala
Anamudi Shola National Park, 2003
Eravikulam National Park, 1978
Mathikettan Shola National Park, 2003
Pambadum Shola National Park, 2003
Periyar National Park, 1982
Silent Valley National Park, 1984

Karnataka
Anshi National Park, 1987
Bandipur National Park, 1974
Bannerghatta National Park, 1974
Kudremukh National Park, 1987
Nagarahole (Rajiv Gandhi) National Park, 1988

Manipur
Keibul-Lamjao National Park, 1977

Madhya Pradesh
Bandhavgarh National Park, 1968
Fossil National Park, 1983
Indira Priyadarshini Pench National Park, 1975
Kanha National Park, 1955
Madhav National Park,1959
Panna National Park, 1981
Sanjay National Park, 1981
Satpura National Park, 1981
Van Vihar National Park, 1979

Meghalaya
Balphakram National Park, 1985
Nokrek Ridge National Park, 1986

Mizoram
Murlen National Park, 1991
Phawngpui Blue National Park, 1992

Maharashtra
Chandoli National Park, 2004
Gugamal National Park, 1975
Nawegaon National Park, 1975
Pench (Jawaharlal Nehru) National Park, 1975
Sanjay Gandhi (Borivali) National Park, 1983
Tadoba National Park, 1955

Odisha
Bhitarkanika National Park, 1988
Simlipal National Park, 1980

Nagaland
Intanki National Park, 1993

Rajasthan
Mukundra Hills National Park, 2006
Desert National Park, 1992
Keoladeo Ghana National Park, 1981
Ranthambhore National Park, 1980
Sariska National Park, 1992

Telangana
Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park, 1994
Mahaveer Harina Vanasthali National Park, 1994
Mrugavani National Park, 1994

Tamil Nadu
Guindy National Park, 1976
Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park, 1989
Mudumalai National Park, 1990
Mukurthi National Park, 1990

Sikkim
Khangchendzonga National Park, 1977

Tripura
Clouded Leopard National Park, 2007
Bison (Rajbari) National Park, 2007

West Bengal
Buxa National Park, 1992
Gorumara National Park, 1992
Jaldapara National Park, 2014
Singalila National Park, 1986
Sunderban National Park, 1984

Uttrakhand
Corbett National Park, 1936
Gangotri National Park, 1989
Govind National Park, 1990
Nanda Devi National Park, 1982
Rajaji National Park, 1983
Valley of Flowers National Park, 1982

Uttar Pradesh
Dudhwa National Park, 1977

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on National Parks

Q. What is a protected area?
Ans. Protected areas or conservation areas are the locations that get protection because of their recognized natural, ecological or cultural values.

Q. What is National Park?
Ans. A National Park is the protected area observed and declared by the government of India to preserve wildlife species and give balance to the natural ecosystem of that region.

Q. Name the largest National Park of India.
Ans. The largest National Park of India is Hemis National Park, Ladakh.

Q. Name the Smallest National Park of India.
Ans. The Smallest National Park of India is South Button Island National Park, Andaman and Nicobar Island.

Q. Name the First Marine National Park of India.
Ans. The First Marine National Park of India is the Gulf of Kutchh National Park.

Q. Name the Floating National Park of India.
Ans. The Floating National Park of India is Keibul Lamjao National Park, Manipur.

Q. How many National Parks are there in India?
Ans. There are 105 National Parks in India.

Q. Where is Betla National Park situated?
Ans. Betla National National Park is situated in Jharkhand.

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