Thursday, 2 December 2021

Tel Aviv Ranks World's Costliest City in EIU's Worldwide Cost of Living Index 2021

Tel Aviv Ranks World's Costliest City in EIU's Worldwide Cost of Living Index 2021

 The Israeli city has overtaken Paris, which is now tied with Singapore as the second most expensive city. Soaring inflation has pushed up living costs globally.

Tel Aviv is the world's most expensive city to live in, according to a ranking published by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU).

Tel Aviv, Most expensive city of 2021


The Israeli city climbed the five positions compared to the 2020 report, which had Paris, Hong Kong and Zurich tie for first place.

In the 2021 report, Paris and Singapore came jointly second, followed by Zurich and Hong Kong. New York came in sixth, and Geneva took seventh place.

What are the factors that have made living costs increase?

Tel Aviv has climbed in the ranking due to the strength of the Israeli shekel against the dollar, as well as the increase in transport and grocery prices.

This year, the data was collected in August and September, when prices for freight and commodities rose worldwide.

On average, prices rose 3.5% in local currency terms, which is the fastest recorded inflation rate of the last five years. This average inflation figure does not include four cities with exceptionally high rates: Damascus, Buenos, Aires, and Tehran.

Position of other cities in the EIU living cost of living index

Berlin has dropped eight positions down to 50th place, making it the cheapest of the six German cities included in the ranking. Frankfurt, one of the world's major financial centres, was the most expensive German city in 19th place.
Tel Aviv the most expensive city of world



The biggest jump in the rankings was made by Tehran, the Capital of Iran, which moved from 79th to 29th place. This change can be explained by US sanctions that caused shortages and price increases.

List of world's top 10 expensive cities

  • Tel Aviv, Israel
  • Paris, France
  • Singapore
  • Zurich, Switzerland
  • Hong Kong
  • New York, USA
  • Geneva, Switzerland
  • Copenhagen, Denmark
  • Los Angles, USA
  • Osaka, Japan

Indian cities in the World' Cost-of-Living index

None of the Indian cities topped the first 20 ranks in the Cost-of-Living index. However, Japan's city Tokyo and Shanghai of China topped in the first twenty ranks.

About the Cost-of-Living Index

The Cost-of-Living Index tracks the cost of living of 173 cities in the world. It compares more than 200 daily used products and services.

The Index benchmarks the prices against the price in New York. Thus, the cities with currencies that are stronger than the dollars appear higher in the ranking.




National Pollution Control day is observed on 2 December 2021

National Pollution Control day is observed on 2 December 2021

What is National Pollution Control Day?

Every year on 2 December, National Pollution Control day is observed in India to commemorate the thousands of people who lost their lives in the Bhopal Gas Tragedy in 1984 and raise awareness about the problems of the increasing pollution.
Industrial Pollution


The Bhopal Gas Tragedy or Bhopal Disaster took place on the night of 2-3 December in 1984 when a gas leak in the Union Carbide India Limited pesticide plant resulted in over 5 lakh people getting exposed to Methyl Isocyanate (MIC) gas. A total of 3788 people were killed in the gas release and about 5 lakh people injured victims sustained injuries, as per the records of the Madhya Pradesh Government

Key highlights of National Pollution Control Day

National Pollution Control Day aims to spread awareness on controlling industrial disasters.

This day also aims to educate people about the importance of pollution control acts.

The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) was constituted in India in 1974 for the protection of the environment.

What is the Significance of 2 December?

The objectives of the day are to spread awareness on controlling industrial disasters, minimising pollution produced by industrial processes, and make people and industries aware of the importance of pollution control acts.

The Bhopal Gas Tragedy took place in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, on 2nd and 3rd December 1984. This tragedy of chemical leak was the world's worst disaster of all time.

Approximately 45 tons of methyl isocyanate escaped from a pesticide plant from Union Carbide India Limited, a subsidiary of Union Carbide Corporation. The highly dangerous gas spread over the crowded neighbourhood and instantly killed thousands of people.
Pollution

A death toll of 15000 to 20000 people was estimated with more than five lakh people injured and suffering various diseases. The exposure to methyl isocyanate caused eye irritation, blindness and several respiratory problems.

About more than 400 tons of industrial waste still lay present on the site, even in 2021. This waste still deteriorating soil and water quality has been blamed for generations worth of birth defects.

With the high death toll and the years worth of sorrow it caused, the Bhopal Gas Tragedy was commemorated by raising awareness through National Pollution Control Day on the it took away the lives of thousands.

Objectives of National Pollution Control Day, 2 December

The National Pollution Control Day has four important objectives.
  • Raising awareness about the increasing air pollution.
  • Spreading education on how to manage and control industrial disasters.
  • Make people aware of the significance of pollution acts.
  • Ways to prevent industrial pollution caused by human negligence.

Laws that have been made to control pollution

India has taken action in the direction of controlling pollution and made various significant laws that help control pollution.
  • Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016.
  • E-Waste (Management) Rules, 2016.
  • Construction and Demolition Waste Management Rule, 2016.
  • Bio-Medical Waste Management Rules, 2016.
  • Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016.
  • Hazardous and Other Wastes (Management and Transboundary Movement) Rules, 20216.
  • The National Green Tribunal Act, 2010.
  • Environment Impact Assessment, 2006.
  • Batteries Management and Handling Rules, 2001.
  • Municipal Solid Waste Management and Handling Rules, 2000
  • Noise Pollution Regulation and Control Rules, 2000.
  • Ozone Depleting Substances Regulation Rules, 2000.
  • Recycled Plastics Manufacturing and Usage Rules, 1999.
  • Biomedical Waste Management and Handling Rules, 1998.
  • Chemical Accidents Emergency, Preparedness, Planning and Response rules, 1996.
  • National Environment Tribunal Act, 1995.
  • Hazardous Waste Management and Handling Rules, 1989.
  • Environment Protection Act, 1986.
  • Environment Protection Rules, 1986.
  • Air Prevention and Control of Pollution Act, 1981.
  • Water Prevention and Control of Pollution Act, 1977.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q. When is National Pollution Control Day is observed?
Ans. On 2 December every year.

Q. Why National Pollution Control Day is celebrated?
Ans. Every year on 2 December, National Pollution Control day is observed in India to commemorate the thousands of people who lost their lives in the Bhopal Gas Tragedy in 1984 and raise awareness about the problems of the increasing pollution.

Q. Bhopal Gas Tragedy occurred on which date?
Ans. Bhopal Gas Tragedy took place on 2nd and 3rd December 1984.

Q. Name the plant where the Bhopal gas tragedy happened.
Ans. Bhopal Gas Tragedy took place in Union Carbide India Limited pesticide plant.

Q. Name the chemical that leaked from the Union Carbide plant?
Ans. Methyl Isocyanate (MIC) gas was leaked from the plant.

Q. How many people got death due to leakage of Methyl Isocyanate?
Ans. About 5 lakh people got death due to gas leakage in the Union Carbide plant.

Q. What are the objectives of National Pollution Control Day?
Ans. 1. Raising awareness about the increasing air pollution. 2. Spreading education on how to manage and control industrial disasters. 3. Make people aware of the significance of pollution acts. 4. Ways to prevent industrial pollution caused by human negligence.

Wednesday, 1 December 2021

India has launched the e-Amrit portal on Electric Vehicles at COP26

India has launched the e-Amrit portal on Electric Vehicles at COP26

 India has launched an electric vehicle awareness web portal called e-Amrit at the COP26 summit at Glasgow, United Kingdom on 10 November 2021. Read the article to know the details of the e-Amrit portal, its features, significance, and purpose.

India's e-Amrit portal for electric vehicle
Image credit: www.pixabay.com/


Know the key points of the e-Amrit portal

  • The e-Amrit portal was launched at the COP26 summit in Glasgow, United Kingdom on 10 November 2021.
  • The launch of the e-Amrit portal was attended by NITI Aayog Adviser Sudhendu Jyoti Sinha and UK High-level Climate Action Champion Nigel Topping.

What is e-Amrit Portal?

NITI Aayog on November 10, 2021, launched the e-Amrit web portal at the COP26 summit in Glasgow. e-Amrit web portal has been developed in collaboration between NITI Aayog and UK government as part of the India-UK Joint Roadmap 2030.

The expanded form of the e-Amrit portal is Accelerated e-mobility Revolution for India's Transportation.

The e-Amrit portal aims at creating awareness about electric mobility in India. This portal was developed as a one-stop destination for all information related to the adoption of electric vehicles (EV) in India.

How e-Amrit portal will be accessed?

The e-Amrit web portal can be accessed using different devices such as PCs, mobile phones, tablets, screen readers.

The website address of the e-portal is www.e-amrit.niti.gov.in

NITI Aayog is working on adding more features and innovative tools to make the e-Amrit portal more interactive and user friendly.

What are the features of the e-Amrit portal?

The e-Amrit portal is developed to offer access to information about electric vehicles and it aims to assist electric vehicle users or electric vehicle adopters to:

Feasibility research on switching to Electric vehicles

It helps in switching to electric vehicles by offering details about electric vehicle (EV) technologies, types of electric vehicles, insurance options and financing options. All these insights about electric vehicles will be available in the e-Amrit portal.

Act as a Knowledge repository on electric vehicle (EV)

The e-Amrit portal will help in setting up the electric vehicle or associated enterprise by providing insights on the key initiatives of central and state governments.

Comprises of tool to calculate electric vehicle experience

The e-Amrit portal will help the customers to assess the benefits of electric vehicles with uniquely designed tools to determine the user's savings with electric vehicles compared to petrol/diesel vehicles.

Provide information about electric vehicles businesses

This e-portal will provide all necessary information on the Indian electric vehicle market and industry and the major developments that drive the e-mobility ecosystem forward.

Significance of e-Amrit Portal

The e-Amrit portal aims the propagate the initiatives of the government efforts on raising awareness of electric vehicles and sensitizing consumers on the benefits of adopting electric vehicles.

The aim of the e-Amrit portal is to act as an accelerator of change and influence millions of consumers and stakeholders to adopt electric vehicles. The e-portal has been built to address the needs and priorities of future electric vehicle users, early electric adopters, academia, government, industry, businesses and research communities.

India has been implementing various initiatives for accelerating the decarbonization of transport and increasing the adoption of electric mobility in the country. Production linked Incentive (PLI) and Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid & Electric Vehicle (FAME) are some of the schemes that are significant in the creation of an ecosystem for the early adoption of electric vehicles.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on e-Amrit portal

Q. What is an e-Amrit portal?
Ans. The e-Amrit portal is a web portal launched by the Government of India to promote the adoption of electric vehicles in India.

Q. How we can access the e-Amrit portal?
Ans. The e-Amrit portal can be accessed using a computer, tablet, smartphone by entering the web address of the e-portal. 
The web address of the e-portal is www.e-amrit.niti.gov.in

Q. When was the e-Amrit portal launched?
Ans. The e-Amrit portal was launched on 10 November 2021 in Glasgow, UK at COP26 Summit.

Q. What is the aim of the e-Amrit portal launch?
Ans. The e-Amrit portal aims at creating awareness about electric mobility in India. This portal was developed as a one-stop destination for all information related to the adoption of electric vehicles (EV) in India.

Q. Who launched the e-Amrit portal?
Ans. The launch of the e-Amrit portal was attended by NITI Aayog Adviser Sudhendu Jyoti Sinha and UK High-level Climate Action Champion Nigel Topping.

Q. Name the organization which developed the e-Amrit portal.
Ans. The e-Amrit web portal has been developed in collaboration between NITI Aayog and UK government as part of the India-UK Joint Roadmap 2030.

Q. What is the significance of the e-Amrit portal?
Ans. The e-Amrit portal aims the propagate the initiatives of the government efforts on raising awareness of electric vehicles and sensitizing consumers on the benefits of adopting electric vehicles.

Q. What is the full form of the e-Amrit portal?
Ans. The full form of the e-Amrit portal is Accelerated e-mobility Revolution for India's Transportation.
Current Affair 2021 | News Analysis | 01 December 2021

Current Affair 2021 | News Analysis | 01 December 2021

The importance of Current Affairs is very crucial when it comes to the government competitive examinations. Candidates have to track on latest happening regularly. It is a tough subject to master on all the topics of Current Affair. So it is important for the student to have a regular reading of current affairs and news trends. The weightage of current affairs is high in almost every competitive examination. The current affairs covered in this article are important for SSC, Bank, Insurance, UPSC, Police examinations and various group C and group D examinations conducted by states as well as central government.
Current Affair 2021 | News Analysis | 01 December 2021


1. Sweden's First Female PM Magdalena Andersson returns after her resignation.

Sweden's first female Prime Minister has been reappointed to the top post after the political turmoil forced her to resign within hours of taking the post last week.

She stood down as PM last Wednesday after her coalition collapsed.

MPs backed Social Democratic Party leader Magdalena Andersson by a narrow margin in a new vote on Monday.

She has spent the past seven years as the finance minister before becoming the leader of the Social Democratic Party at the start of November.

She replaced Stefan Lofven, who resigned as prime minister after seven years in power.

Capital of Sweden: Stockholm

2. A new republic is born, Barbados ditches Britain's Queen Elizabeth

Barbados has officially removed Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state and become the newest republic of the world.

In an overnight ceremony in the capital, Bridgetown, Dame Sandra Mason was sworn in as president.

The Prince of Wales and Barbadian singer Rihanna attainted the event, which coincided with the country's 55th anniversary of independence.

To signify the official change of power, a final salute was made to the British Monarchy and the Royal Standard Flag was lowered and replaced.

Dame Sandra Mason was named as president-elect of the nation following a vote in Parliament last month. She now replaces the Queen as the head of the state.

Barbados will remain in the commonwealth.

Singer Rihanna was announced as a National Hero of Barbados by President Dame Sandra Mason.

President of Barbados: Dame Sandra Mason
Prime Minister of Barbados: Mia Mottley

3. World's first floating city to be built in South Korea with UN Settlement plan

The South Korean city of Busan, UN-habitat and OCEANIX have signed a historic agreement to build the first sustainable floating prototype. The project is to be realised off the coast of Busan.

Around 40% of the world's population live within 100 kilometres of the coast, as the sea level continues to rise, coastal reasons are facing unique demographic, environmental, economic and social and spatial challenges.

The floating city will accommodate approximately 10,000 people at first but a more modular platform will be added over time. The city will be made floodproof. The city will produce its own food, energy, fresh water with a fully integrated zero waste closed-loop system.

Project Information
Client: Ocianix
Size: 75 Hectares.
Collaborators:  MIT centre for ocean engineering, Mobility in chain, Sherwood design engineers, Center for zero-waste design, Transsolar Klimaengineering, Global coral reef alliance, Studio other spaces (Olafur Eliasson and Sebastian behmann), Dickson despommier.

4. World AIDS Day is celebrated on 1 December.

Every year on December 1, countries around the world observe World AID's Day.

The theme of World AIDS Day 2021: 'End Inequalities, End AIDS'

On World AIDS Day, the World Health Organization (WHO)has been highlighting the need for a special focus on reaching people who are left behind. The global health body is calling on global leaders to rally to end the inequalities that drive AIDS.

5. India Young Water Professional Programme Launched

The first edition of the India Young Water Professional Programme was launched virtually on 29th November 2021.

The programme was launched in the presence of the Indian High Commissioner to Australia, Manpreet Vohra, Australian High Commissioner to India, Barry O' Farrell and Additional Secretary of Ministry of Jal Shakti, Debashree Mukherjee.

This programme was joined by more than 100 participants and was taken up under National Hydrology Project.

The Young India Professional Program is unique and different from the typical capacity building and training programs. It focuses on engaged training and learning model.

70% of this program is focused on project-based learning by means of Situation understanding and IMprovement projects (SUIP).

For the first edition of the programme, about 20 participants have been selected, comprising of 10 Men and 10 WOmen, from central and state implementing agencies of the National Hydrology Project.

6. Indian Army receives new Israeli Heron Drones for the deployment in Ladakh sector

Indian army has received advanced Israeli Heron drones after a Delay of a few months due to Covid-19.

The Indian government has signed an agreement with the Israeli government in 2019 for the purchase of advanced Heron drones for the Indian Army to strengthen the surveillance system of the army. Supply of the drones was expected by May 2021, but due to Covid-19, it delays for a few months and finally, the Indian Army receives these drones on 30 November.

Indian Army will deploy Israeli Heron Drones at Ladakh sector to monitor the movements of Chinese soldiers near LAC.

7. The first-ever Aharbal festival has been held in Jammu and Kashmir to promote tourism in the Union Territory.

Kulgam district administration and the Department of Tourism, Jammu and Kashmir organised the first-ever Aharbal festival at Kulgam, J & K to promote tourism in Kashmir particularly at Aharbal waterfalls. Aharbal waterfalls are also called the Niagra waterfalls of Kashmir.

8. A book on the India-Pakistan war 1971 released by Army Cheif MM Naravane

Indian Army chief MM Naravane released a book 'Bangladesh Liberation @ 50 Years: 'Bijoy' with Synergy, India-Pakistan war 1971. This book is a compilation of personal accounts of the war veterans from India- Pakistan. The authors of the book are comprised of war veterans from both India and Bangladesh who fought the war.

The event was organised by the Centre for Land Warfare Studies (CLAWS), at the Indian Internation Centre (IIC), Delhi to commemorate 50 years of India - Bangladesh Friendship as well as the decisive victory in the India-Pakistan War 1971.

An award ceremony was also conducted. The 'Scholar Warrior Award' was awarded to Brigadier Narendra Kumar for his outstanding contribution as a warrior and in the field of research.

Frequently Asked Question (FAQ)

Q. Who has become the first women prime minister of Sweden?
Ans. Magdalena Andersson

Q. What is the capital of Sweden?
Ans. Stockholm

Q. Name the country which has become a newly Republic country?
Ans. Barbados.

Q. What is the capital of Barbados?
Ans. Bridgetown.

Q. Where is the World's first floating city developing?
Ans. Busan, South Korea.

Q. What is the theme of World AIDS Day 2021?
Ans. 'End Inequalities, End AIDS'.

Q. The first-ever Aharbal festival is celebrated in which state/ UT?
Ans. Jammu & Kashmir.

Q. Who launched the book 'Bangladesh Liberation @ 50 Years: 'Bijoy' with Synergy, India-Pakistan war 1971?
Ans. Army Chief MM Narvane.

Tuesday, 30 November 2021

Current Affair 2021| News Analysis | 30 November 2021

Current Affair 2021| News Analysis | 30 November 2021

Read the most important current affairs of 30 November 2021. Current Affairs are an important part of any competitive examinations. They are asked in almost all competitive examinations such as SSC (CGL, CHSL, MTS, GD, Stenographer, etc.) exams, Banking exams (SBI PO, Clerk, IBPS PO, Clerk, IBPS RRB PO, Clerk, many public sector banking exams), Insurance exams, NABARD exams, UPSC, UPSSC, Police constable and Sub-Inspectors exams, Lekhpal, Patwari, TET exams and states examinations. Read the current affairs on the daily basis to stay updated with the most important events happening in the country.
Current Affair 2021


1. Sixth BRICKS Film Festival Awards 2021 Announced

The 6th edition of the BRICS Film Festival awards has been announced at the 52nd International Film Festival of India in Goa. BRICS Film Festival for the first time alongside IFFI from November 20 to November 28, 2021. The Jury for this competitive festival had 5 members, one from each of the BRICS countries. The Jury selected the awards under five categories after examining twenty films.

Awardees of 6th BRICKS Film Festival:

  1. South African Film 'Barakat' and Russian Film 'The Sun above Me Never Sets' shared the Best Film Award in the Sixth edition BRICS Film Festival.
  2. Brazilian Filmmaker Lúcia Murat' was awarded the Best Director for her documentary 'Ana'.
  3. Indian Actor Dhanush won Best Actor (Male) for his film in 'Asuran'.
  4. Brazilian actor Lara Boldorini was honoured with Best Actor (Female) for her film in 'On Wheels'.
  5. Jury Special Mention Award was presented to Director Yan Han for his film A Little Red Flower' from China.

2. International Press Institute honours for Journalists of NDTV, The Week 

The International Press Institute (IPI) India on Saturday announced the Award for the Excellence in Journalism 2021 has been awarded to Sreenivasan Jain and Mariyam Alavi of 'NDTV', and Laxmi Subramanian and Bhanu Prakash Chandra of 'The Week'.

Meanwhile, Excellence in Journalism Award 2020 had been awarded to Ritika Chopra of Indian Express.

The Vienna - based International Press Institute (IPI) is a global organization dedicated to the promotion and protection of press freedom and the improvement of journalism practices.

3. Nagaland Police officially launched the 'Call Your Cop' Mobile app for citizens.

Nagaland Police has officially launched the 'Call Your Cop' mobile app at police headquarters in Kohima. This app will enable citizens in the state to get in touch with the police directly with just one click away.

This is an initiative in line with the modernization of the police departments in India.
'Call Your Cop' app has significant features such as alert, directly, SOS, tourists tips, nearest police location and search. This app can be downloaded in Android phones from the google play store.

4. Parliament passes Farm Laws Repeal Bill 2021

On 29 November 2021, the Parliament of India passed the Farm Laws Repeal Bill 2021. The three Farm Laws of the Centre have been repealed by both the houses of the parliament (i.e. Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha), following a year-long protest by farmers against the Union Government of India.

Farm Laws Repeal Bill 2021 was tabled in the Parliament by the Union Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar.

5. Government of India introduces Unique Face Recognition Technology for Pensioners

Minister of State for Personnel Jitendra Singh has rolled out Unique Face Recognition Technology for pensioners in order to make the process of life certificates for elderly pensioners.

This face recognition technology will act as proof of the life certificate for the pensioners. This will ensure ease of living for the pensioners and retired citizens.

All pensioners are required to submit their life certificate annually in order to receive a pension.

6. Twitter appointed Cheif Technology (CTO) Officer Pawan Agrawal as the next Cheif Executive Officer (CEO)

Twitter's co-founder and CEO Jack Dorsey is stepping down as the chief of the social media company. Indian origin Parag Agrawal has been appointed as the new CEO of Twitter.

7. 29 November was celebrated as International Day of Solidarity

United Nations on 29 November, every year, celebrates the International Day of Solidarity with Palestinian People.

This day is observed to mark the adoption of the UN's resolution to divide Palestine into two states.

The observance of this day is held at United Nations headquarters in New York and United Nations Offices at Geneva and Vienna.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q. Where was the sixth BRICS Film Festivals Awards 2021 held?
Ans. In Goa.

Q. Which film won the best film award in the Sixth Edition of the Bricks Film Festival?
Ans. South African Film 'Barakat' and Russian Film 'The Sun above Me Never Sets' shared the Best Film Award in the Sixth edition BRICS Film Festival.

Q. Name the Journalists who were awarded for the Excellence in Journalism 2021 by the International Press Institute?
Ans. Journalists Sreenivasan Jain and Mariyam Alavi of 'NDTV', and Laxmi Subramanian and Bhanu Prakash Chandra of 'The Week' have been awarded the Excellence in Journalism 2021.

Q. Which state police has launched the 'Call Your Cop' mobile app?
Ans. Nagaland

Q. Who is appointed as the new CEO of twitter?
Ans. Pawan Agrawal.

Q. When is International Solidarity Day is Celebrated?
Ans. 29 November.

Monday, 29 November 2021

List of National Parks of India | State wise National Parks

List of National Parks of India | State wise National Parks

 National Parks of India is an important part of Indian geography and environment. There are 105 National Parks in India. This topic is very important for competitive examinations such as Banks exams, SSC, UPSC, State PSC, State PCS, Police exams, state competitive exams and general studies.
National Parks in India

This article will provide full insights into National parks in India, along with Wildlife Sanctuaries, Conservation Reserves, and Community reserves.

What are the protected areas of India?

Protected areas or conservation areas are the locations that get protection because of their recognized natural, ecological or cultural values. They are defined according to the guidelines prescribed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

There are mainly four types of protected areas:
  1. National Parks
  2. Wildlife Sanctuaries
  3. Conservation Reserves
  4. Community Reserves

What is a National Park?

A National Park is the protected area observed and declared by the government of India to preserve wildlife species and give balance to the natural ecosystem of that region. The main purpose of the National Parks is to protect the natural environment and conserve biodiversity.

What are the objectives of National Parks?

The objective of National parks are as follows:
  1. The entire ecosystem coming under the National Park is protected by the Centre of State Government or both.
  2. National parks contribute to the protection of wildlife species, regional ecological processes and migration routes.
  3. These maintain and balance the population of wildlife species in the given ecological area.
  4. They aid in the cultural, ecological and educational development of the natural resources in the protected area.

Some facts of National Parks in India

Smallest national park in India: South Button Island National Park, Andaman and Nicobar Island.

Largest national park in India: Hemis National Park, Ladakh.

Floating National Park of India: Keibul Lamjao National Park, Manipur

First Marine National Park of India: Gulf of Kutchh National Park.

A total number of National Parks in India: 105 National Parks.

What is the Importance of National Park?

  1. National parks contribute to the economy by supporting agricultural activities. For instance, in various protected marine areas, fish are allowed to breed and grow. They also spill over into the fished areas. This leads to replenishment of the fished areas and allows more fish to be caught and sold.
  2. Local communities and tribes associated with the area of the Park flourish economically and socially.

State-wise National Parks in India

Ladakh
Hemis National Park, 1981

Arunachal Pradesh
Mouling National Park, 1986
Namdapha National Park, 1983

Andhra Pradesh
Rajiv Gandhi (Rameswaram) National Park, 2005
Sri Venkateswara National Park, 1989

Assam
Manas National Park, 1990
Nameri National Park, 1998
Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park, 1999

Andaman & Nicobar Islands
Campbell Bay National Park, 1992
Galathea Bay National Park, 1992
Mahatama Gandhi Marine (Wandoor) National Park, 1982
Middle Button Island National Park, 1987
Mount Harriett National Park, 1987
North Button Island National Park, 1987
Rani Jhansi Marine National Park, 1996
Saddle Peak National Park, 1987
South Button Island National Park, 1987

Chhattisgarh
Indravati (Kutru) National Park, 1982
Kanger Valley National Park, 1982

Bihar
Valmiki National Park, 1989

Gujrat
Vansda National Park, 1979
Blackbuck (Velavadar) National Park, 1976
Gir National Park, 1975
Marine (Gulf of Kachchh) National Park, 1982

Goa
Mollem National Park, 1992

Himachal Pradesh
Great Himalayan National Park, 1984
Inderkilla National Park, 2010
Khirganga National Park, 2010
Pin Valley National Park, 1987
Simbalbara National Park, 2010

Haryana
Kalesar National Park, 2003
SultaNational Parkur National Park, 1989

Jharkhand
Betla National Park, 1986

Jammu and Kashmir
 City Forest (Salim Ali) National Park, 1992
Dachigam National Park, 1981
Kishtwar National Park, 1981

Kerala
Anamudi Shola National Park, 2003
Eravikulam National Park, 1978
Mathikettan Shola National Park, 2003
Pambadum Shola National Park, 2003
Periyar National Park, 1982
Silent Valley National Park, 1984

Karnataka
Anshi National Park, 1987
Bandipur National Park, 1974
Bannerghatta National Park, 1974
Kudremukh National Park, 1987
Nagarahole (Rajiv Gandhi) National Park, 1988

Manipur
Keibul-Lamjao National Park, 1977

Madhya Pradesh
Bandhavgarh National Park, 1968
Fossil National Park, 1983
Indira Priyadarshini Pench National Park, 1975
Kanha National Park, 1955
Madhav National Park,1959
Panna National Park, 1981
Sanjay National Park, 1981
Satpura National Park, 1981
Van Vihar National Park, 1979

Meghalaya
Balphakram National Park, 1985
Nokrek Ridge National Park, 1986

Mizoram
Murlen National Park, 1991
Phawngpui Blue National Park, 1992

Maharashtra
Chandoli National Park, 2004
Gugamal National Park, 1975
Nawegaon National Park, 1975
Pench (Jawaharlal Nehru) National Park, 1975
Sanjay Gandhi (Borivali) National Park, 1983
Tadoba National Park, 1955

Odisha
Bhitarkanika National Park, 1988
Simlipal National Park, 1980

Nagaland
Intanki National Park, 1993

Rajasthan
Mukundra Hills National Park, 2006
Desert National Park, 1992
Keoladeo Ghana National Park, 1981
Ranthambhore National Park, 1980
Sariska National Park, 1992

Telangana
Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park, 1994
Mahaveer Harina Vanasthali National Park, 1994
Mrugavani National Park, 1994

Tamil Nadu
Guindy National Park, 1976
Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park, 1989
Mudumalai National Park, 1990
Mukurthi National Park, 1990

Sikkim
Khangchendzonga National Park, 1977

Tripura
Clouded Leopard National Park, 2007
Bison (Rajbari) National Park, 2007

West Bengal
Buxa National Park, 1992
Gorumara National Park, 1992
Jaldapara National Park, 2014
Singalila National Park, 1986
Sunderban National Park, 1984

Uttrakhand
Corbett National Park, 1936
Gangotri National Park, 1989
Govind National Park, 1990
Nanda Devi National Park, 1982
Rajaji National Park, 1983
Valley of Flowers National Park, 1982

Uttar Pradesh
Dudhwa National Park, 1977

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on National Parks

Q. What is a protected area?
Ans. Protected areas or conservation areas are the locations that get protection because of their recognized natural, ecological or cultural values.

Q. What is National Park?
Ans. A National Park is the protected area observed and declared by the government of India to preserve wildlife species and give balance to the natural ecosystem of that region.

Q. Name the largest National Park of India.
Ans. The largest National Park of India is Hemis National Park, Ladakh.

Q. Name the Smallest National Park of India.
Ans. The Smallest National Park of India is South Button Island National Park, Andaman and Nicobar Island.

Q. Name the First Marine National Park of India.
Ans. The First Marine National Park of India is the Gulf of Kutchh National Park.

Q. Name the Floating National Park of India.
Ans. The Floating National Park of India is Keibul Lamjao National Park, Manipur.

Q. How many National Parks are there in India?
Ans. There are 105 National Parks in India.

Q. Where is Betla National Park situated?
Ans. Betla National National Park is situated in Jharkhand.